Rann of Kutch is the area where today's modern and civilized people can not survive, but Harappan people had managed to stay in a civilized way and that too 5000 years ago. Dholavira ruins show the brilliance of those people with the balancing and proper use of natural resources.
This city was built and destroyed seven times. We find the evidences of all these stages in the ruined city. During the early stages houses were rectangular; later circular houses were built. After the seventh and last stage, this city could never be rebuilt. Archaeologists believe the scarcity of water was the main reason of the destruction of the city.
A small museum is also there at the entrance of the site which gives you an insight of how people lived in that era. I had read everywhere about the drainage system of Harappan civilization. I was indeed mesmerized seeing the marvelous use of natural water and sewage system even better than our modern societies. We always use a trending and technical word 'rainwater-harvesting' without thinking about it; Every environmentalist feels proud of using this word. I could see the live brilliant example of this method. Iron was not discovered by that time. They built their weapons using copper and bronze. Those people didn't have technical tools like we have today but they learnt to use properly whatever they had. Currently dholavira is surrounded by great desert of rann. At that time, it might be an island surrounded by the sea.
Water conservation of Dholavira speaks volume of the ingenuity of the people who developed a system based on rainwater harvesting to support life in a parched and deserted landscape, with scanty sweet water. A complex water system comprising of large rock-cut reservoirs located around fortfication and rock-cut wells were developed. Huge stone drains can be seen in the city which directed rain water to the wells , creating a series of reservoirs. The city also drew water from the seasonal streams. Every drop of water was conserved to ensure survival. How much technically sophisticated the people of Dholavira were!
Dholavira can definitely be called the lake city of Indus valley civilization. It is literally a paradise in the desert.
It was 1 pm afternoon. I had been visiting the ruined city for 3 hours in the temperature of more than 40 degrees. Then I decided to move to my next destination. Next day I had to travel from one desert to another but with different hue. I was going to say good bye to Gujrat and moving to another colourful state of India. I was going to witness the massive sandcastle, still alive, rising from the sandy plains. I would be visiting the golden city of India and the remotest city of the great Thar desert .