Famous Architectures on India


Go anywhere, be anyone, do anything, you cannot escape the pride that you feel whenever someone mentions the word ‘India’. If culture and heritage were a currency, we would be the richest country in world. Come to think of it, we were! ‘Sone ki Chidiya’ (The Golden Sparrow) as it was lovingly and popularly known as attracted the attention of colonists and conquerors from all over the world and metamorphosed through centuries of wars, conquests and peace keeping eras! Through all of these, one thing that has remained constant is the architectural and artistic prowess of the masters.

One of the top Indian Architecture is to be loved and the most famous tourist place of India:

TAJ MAHAL symbolized by the love.

Part of the 7 wonders of the world, this list had to start with Taj Mahal. Taj Mahal is a mausoleum built in a span of 22 years in the 17th century by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan for his beloved wife Mumtaz. Taj Mahal displays a combination of Hindu and Indo-Islamic architecture. Huge white marble terrace on which rests the famous white marble dome, flanked by four tapering minarets. Within the dome lies the jewel-inlaid cenotaph of the deceased queen.

Photo of Agra Taj Mahal, Sewala Jat, Panchkuian, Rakabganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India by Viral Paun

Nalanda was an ancient center of higher learning in BIHAR.

The University of Nalanda is located in the Indian state of Bihar and was a Buddhist center of learning. The great library of Nalanda University was so vast that it is reported to have burned for three months after the invaders set fire to it, ransacked and destroyed the monasteries, and drove the monks from the site.

Photo of Ruins Of Historical Jain And Buddha Temple, Nalanda, Bihar, India by Viral Paun

The next best architecture would be THE VICTORIA MEMORIAL of KOLKATA.

Despite of their remorseless rule, I must say that the British Colonial Era also gave India some of the most amazing architectural gems. Built to highlight the glory of British Empire in India, this monument amalgamates the best of Mughal and British architectures. This imposing monument was inaugurated in 1921 paying tribute to Queen Victoria. At present, this monument has a remarkable assemblage of maps, paintings, weapons, coins, sculptures, artifacts, stamps, etc.

Photo of Victoria Memorial, Queens Way, Maidan, Kolkata, West Bengal, India by Viral Paun


Golconda Fort, a spectacular monument, is situated on the western periphery of Hyderabad City. This majestic fort pours out the rich cultural heritage of ancient India. Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah, as an insignia of Nawabi culture, built the fort in 1525. Golconda Fort was popular for its diamond trade and it is widely believed that the famous ‘Kohinoor’ diamond originated here. The meticulous details and fine architecture of the fort fascinate the travelers and history lovers from all over the globe.

Photo of Golconda Fort, Khair Complex, Ibrahim Bagh, Hyderabad, Telangana, India by Viral Paun

And how can we forget the capital of INDIA having the best monument and maximum tourism to be there. THE INDIA GATE, NEW DELHI.

India gate is without a doubt the first monument that comes to mind when we cogitate about Delhi. In my opinion, it is the biggest epitome of Delhi Tourism. It was initially known as the All India War Memorial as it incurs the memoir of thousands of Indian Soldiers who died in the First World War. Sir Edwin Lutyens designed this magnificent monument and the construction was completed in 1931. An undying flame known as ‘Amar Jawan Jyoti’ is positioned underneath the arch of this edifice. This flame reveres the martyrs.

Photo of India Gate, New Delhi, Delhi, India by Viral Paun


Well I must say that it is the most romantic places I have ever visited in India. Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II in 1746, Lake Palace in Udaipur is located in the midst of the picturesque Pichola Lake. This majestic monument renders a breathtaking view to the visitors. The scintillating Aravalli Hills, the lake and the palace together make a perfect and romantic setting that entices even the filmmakers from Bollywood. You must have remembered the romantic shots of ‘Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani’, which were captured in the same palace.

Photo of Lake Palace hotel, Pichola, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India by Viral Paun

And how can one forget to mention about the temple having the shape of the national flower of India. Representing THE LOTUS TEMPLE

It is a significant Bahai’s temple made in the shape of a lotus flower. The fascinating structure of this temple, built in 1986, is set in the midst of verdant scenic gardens. Lotus Temple is built with pure white marble and looks startling even from far away. Lotus is a symbol common to Hinduism, Islam, Jainism and Buddhism, and thus, the architect of this temple Fariburz Sabha chose it as a structure of this shrine. Devotees and tourists of all the religions visit this place.

Photo of Lotus Temple, Lotus Temple Road, Bahapur, Shambhu Dayal Bagh, Kalkaji, New Delhi, Delhi, India by Viral Paun

Also including one of the famous AJANTA CAVES of MAHARASHTRA

Ajanta Ellora caves, listed among the UNESCO World Heritage sites, are a set of 29 caves. These caves are the splendid paragon of ancient Buddhist Civilization. There are multifarious paintings in these caves depicting the popular Jataka Tales and other varied fables of Lord Buddha. Filled with paramount tranquility, these caves exemplify the engineering excellence and unsurpassed imaginative power of the bygone era.

Photo of Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra, India by Viral Paun

And we cannot forget to mention the most beautiful architecture at south India. VIVEKANAND ROCK MEMORIAL KANYAKUMARI

A Popular tourist attraction in Vavathurai, Vivekanand Rock Memorial was constructed in 1970 in honor of Swami Vivekanand. It is said that Vivekanand meditated on this rock. As per Hindu legends, Goddess Kumari performed austerity on this rock. From here, the merger of the Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea can be witnessed. This beautiful memorial is a symbol of purity and harmony.

Photo of Vivekananda Rock, Kanyakumari Beach Road, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India by Viral Paun

So,This article was just a minuscule attempt at displaying the diversity with which Indian architecture has been blessed. These styles have developed according to the geological conditions, cultural inclinations as well as technological advancements in their own era.

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